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United Nations and Decolonization: Past to Present

This animation video, produced in accordance with the mandate for dissemination of information on decolonization, highlights the UN’s path of decolonization since 1945, especially its commitment in eradicating colonialism towards our common future.

 

Since the birth of the United Nations, more than 80 former colonies comprising some 750 million people have gained independence. At present, 17 Non-Self-Governing Territories (NSGTs) across the globe remain on the list of Non-Self-Governing Territories, home to nearly 2 million people. Thus, the process of decolonization is not complete. 

Completing this mandate will require a continuing dialogue among the administering Powers, the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence of Colonial Countries and Peoples (also known as the "Special Committee on Decolonization" or the "C-24") and the peoples of the Non-Self-Governing Territories, in accordance with the relevant United Nations resolutions on decolonization.

 
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In the Spotlight

“The C-24 will remain true to the mandate entrusted upon it by the General Assembly and fulfill that mandate in ac-cordance with the UN Charter and relevant General As-sembly resolutions.”

C-24 Chair Ambassador Menissa Rambally
at the opening session of the C-24
15 February 2024

Latest developments

  • The 2024 Caribbean Regional Seminar is scheduled to take place in Venezuela on 14-16 May. 
  • The C-24 held its 2024 opening session on 15 February 2024.
  • The General Assembly adopted 21 resolutions and one decision on 7 December 2023.
  • The Fourth Committee adopted a total of 21 resolutions and one decision on decolonization during the General Assembly’s 78th session.
  • The was adopted at the ECOSOC meeting on 27 July 2023.
  • The Special Committee on Decolonization (C-24) concluded its 2023 session and adopted 22 draft resolutions without a vote.
  • The Fourth International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism (2021-2030) was declared by the General Assembly.

Assistant Secretary-General's message

“Let me emphasize the importance of redoubling efforts to assist the Territories… so that they are better poised to pursue decolonization in this Decade.”

Assistant Secretary-General Miroslav Jen?a
at the opening session of the C-24
15 February 2024

Women in the Territories: Highlights

  • launched the in partnership with the United Nations through innovative financing for gender equality and women’s empowerment.
  • In 2022, Bermuda created a to promote gender equality by advising the government on social, educational, economic, and legislative matters.
  • became the first woman governor of Guam in 2019. Also in Guam, ten women were serving as senators in the territory's 15-member legislature in 2019.